Monday, 2 October 2017

The Historical Wall Of Chinese


                WORLDWONDER - The Chinese Wall is a major part of northern China and is one of the new seven world wonders. The construction of the Chinese Wall began in the 7th century BC and was strengthened for several centuries. The building is called 'the long wall of 10,000 li' in Chinese but the wall is 'only' 8850 kilometers long.
 
External threat
During the 7th century BC, during the period known as "Spring and Autumn Period" (722-403 BC) in the Chinese period, there were several peoples who had a small territory and built walls mainly consisting of earthenware . The earth and the clay were compressed into a massive mass. These walls served as a defense to stop people who came from the north. The Chinese saw them as a threat. These peoples were predominantly nomadic armies who came from modern Mongolia.

Qin dynasty (226-207 BC)
In the third century BC, China's era of Qin dynasty broke out. This was the first dynasty to cover almost the entire territory of China. During this first period of centralization in China, the building of the present Wall began by Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi. The pieces that already existed were strengthened or even broken because they walked across the territory of the Qin.

Reinforcing the Chinese Wall
Several dynasties, such as the Sui dynasty (581-618), have reinforced the Wall, built on it or expand its length. During other periods, such as during the Tang Dynasty (618-908), the wall was in decline. In the thirteenth century the Mongols became increasingly stronger by their leader Dzjengis Khan. The threat increased and the Mongols managed to conquer China. The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) managed to expel Mongols in 1368 and secure China.

Ming dynasty
Under the Ming Dynasty, finally, the Chinese Wall was completed that we know today. During this period, the characteristic watches were also built from which soldiers could see if enemy armies approached. With smoke signals, the watches could communicate with each other. Also, the earthenware from which the Wall consisted was replaced by stone. The Wall is not completely impervious because there are dozens of gates that were used for steppe volks. Eventually, the Ming dynasty was still threatened from the north of the Mantsjoes. After the Emperor committed suicide, Mantsjo's followers could break the Wall at Shanhaiguan. The Mantsjoes knew how to conquer China and founded the Qing dynasty. This dynasty extended the borders of China to the north and east and the function of the Chinese Wall was faded.

Length of the Wall
The lenght of Wall can not be determined with certainty, because the Wall has broken down or fallen in some places. The Wall also runs through difficult to reach areas. Also, the Wall does not exist in one piece. According to the last survey on the length of the Wall, this is about 8500 km long. This is longer than one has thought for years. There are only small pieces of the Wall open to the public because the construction is so fragile. The walls of the Wall that open are a very popular tourist attraction in China.
The Historical Wall Of Chinese

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